Western Germany (1958) – Missile tank, 300 built

Development

The world first missile launching tank was an experiment in 1960, based on the Hispano-Suiza HS-30 chassis, and designed the carry the French SS-11 antitank missiles produced locally under license and also used by the AMX-13. The prolific HS.30 also called Schutzenpanzer Lang SPZ 12.3 developed as an IFV had been already derivated into mortar carriers, recoilless AT gun platform, or artillery observation vehicle. Tactically the idea was sounded. It was a suitable response to the problems of the threat of dozens of thousands of Soviet tanks, a massive conventional force which had no equivalent in the west. These shaped-charge missiles were able to defeat an equivalent of 600 mm of RHA, sufficient against the T-54/55.

Design

The hull of this vehicle was more spacious to accommodate four crewmembers, each with their own single-piece hatch opening on the sides of the hull. The two rear ones were in charge of the reloading process and operated the wire-guided missiles by TV by electrical signals on the vectoring controls. The ten missiles and launchers were located right behind. Two extended arms/launchers were extended and retracted by means of an electro-hydraulic system housed into the casemate.

Each time the arm was extended, ready to fire, the other was reloading inside, helping for a good rate of fire. A tall periscope helped to steer the missiles on the target by all weather. The wire-guided SS-11 also steered by thrust vectoring control, was at that time a standard NATO AT missiles, also deployed by helicopters. Designed in 1953, it had a 190 m/s speed, 500 to 3000 m range, and a Type 140AC anti-armor 6.8 kg Warhead, and was deadly accurate with a normally trained operator.

At the rear was located a new engine, the Rolls Royce B81 Mk 80F engine. This power unit could develop 235 hp@3,800 rpm, ensuring a comfortable cross-country ride and a top speed of 51 kph. The RaktJgpz had a practical fording depth of 0.70 meters, could climb a 60° slope, clear vertical obstacles 0.60 meters high, or cross trenches 1.60 meters wide.

Operational service

The Bundeswehr acquired the Raketenjagdpanzer-I from 1961 to 1962, for a total of 95 machines. It was followed by the Raketenjagdpanzer-II based on the heavier Kanonenjagdpanzer chassis. However, this vehicle also inherited the faults of the original HS.30 which had to be corrected, meaning a lot of teething problems in service.

This was nevertheless the first weapon system of this kind in the world and triggered the development of other AT missile dedicated tanks. This development led later to the Jaguar I and II in the 1970-80s which replaced both early models, now equipped with HOT missiles.

Sources/Links about the Raketenjagdpanzer-I

The Raketenjagdpanzer-I on Wikipedia

Raketenjagdpanzer-I specifications

Dimensions5,56 x 2,25 x 1,70 m ( 18.2 x 7.4 x 5.5 ft)
Total weight, battle ready13 tons (26 000 ibs)
Crew4 (Driver, commander, operator, loader)
PropulsionRolls Royce B81 Mk.80F, 8-cylinder petrol 235 hp (175 kW)
SuspensionIndependant torsion bars
Speed (road)51 kph (32 mph)
Range270 km (170 mi)
Armament10 SS-11 AT wire guided missiles
Armor30 mm front (1.2 in)
Total production95 in 1961-62.

Raketenjagdpanzer-I
Raketenjagdpanzer of the first series in 1961.

Raketenjagdpanzer-I tests 1970s
Another vehicle used for tests in the 1970s.

Gallery

At Panzermuseum_Munster_2010
Raketenjagdpanzer at the Panzermueseum Munster

Hello dear reader! This article is in need of some care and attention and may contain errors or inaccuracies. If you spot anything out of place, please let us know!
Raketenjagdpanzer-2
Kanonenjagdpanzer 90
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