China (2005)
Amphibious Tank – 200+ built

A family of amphibious tanks

The ZBD-2000 built by Norinco to replace the obsolete Type 63 amphibious tank and as the same time to the counterpart of the modernized Type 63A. It was developed especially for extended naval capabilities for the PLA Marines, large-scale seaborne assaults. The main platform was therefore intended as a common basis for several types of vehicles: The ZBD-2000 IFV, the ZBD 05 light tank, and the ZBD 05 IFV and derivative versions like the VN16 & VN18. This vehicle entered service in 2005 and production began at Norinco in 2006, probably still ongoing. Real production numbers are still unknown although 200 ZBD-2000s seemingly has been delivered for most sources. The ZBD was never exported.

ZBD-05_105
ZBD 05 light tank

Design of the ZBD-2000

The ZBD-2000 is an all-welded steel armor, massive vehicle at 5.18m in lenght, 2.74m in width and 3.04m in height (army-technology.com), with sufficient accommodations for housing height to ten equipped marines, a powerful diesel for extended range and exceptional speed when swimming for “over the horizon” assaults, and extra buoyancy. The hull is of prismatic shape, featuring powerful hydro-jets propellers and an hydroplane. It has been compared by some experts to the US Marines Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV). Troops can exit through rear doors or roof hatches.

The basic APC receives a two-man turret armed with a 30mm ZPT-99 (2A72) cannon completed by a 12.7mm anti-aircraft machine gun, 7.62mm coaxial machine gun, and two HJ-8 missiles mounted on either side of the turret. The ZBD-05 light tank variant is the light tank version for anti-tank protection, featuring the Chinese version of the standard fully-stabilized L7 NATO 105 mm gun in a large three-man turret. This version also have a remote-controlled 12.7 mm heavy machine gun.

This gun is capable of firing Chinese armor piercing fin stabilized discarding sabot (APFSDS), high explosive (HE), and high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) rounds, but ATGMs as well, guided by laser beam which are more accurate than gun rounds due to the motion of the waves when swimming. The turret has 2×4 smoke dischargers sets and a storage rack at the rear also acting as BAR (anti-RPG armor).

The ZBD-05 IFV version resemble the light tank but with newly designed 2-man 30mm KBA-2 30mm automatic (ZTM-1) cannon turret (probably modeled after the Ukrainian Shkval turret) coupled with two iHJ-73C ATGM rail launchers for Hong Jian-73C anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) launchers on the roof plus coaxial 7.62mm MG and AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher. The 30 mm are capable of a 330 rpm, and are fully stabilized, coupled with IR optics, and accurate up to a maximum range of 4,000m.

ZBD-05_IFV
ZBD 05 IFV

The standard IFV has a plane hull with engine section in front, housing a diesel 550 hp strong, up to 1475 hp for the light tank version, giving an impressive 65kph on road and 30 up tp 45kph on water which is a record for such kind of vehicle, thanks to an ingenious hydraulic-actuated bow with transom flaps that reduce drag an help skimming across the surface of the water. The six unevenly spaced road wheels are suspended by torsion bar suspension units. The drive sprockets are at the front and idlers at the rear.

The vehicle is NBC-protected, probably with Halon automatic fire extinguishers. Standard equipment includes a computerized fire-control system including (computer, commander sight, laser rangefinder, gunner sight with passive night vision) satellite navigation (GPS) and thermal imaging system for all-weather day or night operations. Field tests showed the ZBD 05 could climb a 60% gradient, 30% side slope, or cross a vertical step 0.7m high and 2m large trench.

Variants

ZBD CCV, Control and Command Vehicle
ZBD ARV or Armored Recovery Vehicle

Service

Only a limited numbers of these vehicles are in service with well-trained units of the People’s Liberation Army Navy Marine Corps (PLAMC). The ZBD 05 light tank was revealed in 2006 while the IFV variant was first shown in parades in 2009 and 2014.

Links

The ZBD 2000/ZBD 05 on wikipedia
http://www.military-today.com/tanks/zbd_2000_light_tank.htm
http://www.military-today.com/apc/zbd2000.htm

ZBD-05 Amphibious Infantry Fighting Vehicle


http://www.militaryfactory.com/armor/detail.asp?armor_id=625

ZBD 05 IFV specifications

Dimensions5.18×2.74×3.04 m ( ft)
Total weight, battle ready26/28 tons
Crew3 (driver, cdr, gunner)+8
Propulsion550 hp
SuspensionTorsion Bars
Speed (road)65/40 km/h (xx/xx mph)
Range500 km (xx mi)
Armament30mm QF gun
ArmorUnknown
Total production200+ (current)
ZBD-2000 Beijing Parade
ZBD 2000 in parade colours, Bejing 2006.ZBD 05 light tank in marine digital camouflage
ZBD 05 light tank in marine digital camouflage – @AK-Interactive profileZBD 05 light tank in marine digital camouflage
ZBD 05 light tank in marine camouflage

ZBD 05 IF (2014) with a coastal or inland digital type camouflage, showing its trim vane fully extended for amphibious ops.
ZBD 05/105 with an inland digital type camouflage.


ZBD 05 with an army camouflage

Video (CCTV footage)

Gallery

ZBD-05_amphibious_IFV_in_Beijing
ZBD 05 in a parade in Beijing

ZBD05-Military_Parade_in_Beijing
ZBD 05s in a parade in Beijing

PLZ-05 Artillery SPG
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3 Responses to ZBD-2000

  1. Jussi says:

    Just wanted to drop bye and say hi. Hi.

  2. SayHi says:

    They were exported to Venezuela though
    the VN-16 and VN-18 are export version

  3. aaaaa says:

    The tank series is called Type 05.
    IFV version is called ZBD-05
    Assault tank version is called ZTD-05.

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