Terrängbil m/42D SKP

Armoured truck (1942-1945) Sweden - around 150 built

Origin of the KP-bil

The "Off-road vehicle model 42" was conceived after an army specification, when it became obvious that, in order to follow armored columns, the infantry needed to have its own APC (armored personal carrier). Since there was no foreign contractor available for this, AB Landsverk was put in charge of the project, and designed an armored body that could be adapted to a standard Volvo or Scania chassis. This model was therefore name SKP or VKP, for "Scania/Volvo, Bodywork Armoured". It somewhat resembled the concept of the Dutch east Indies armored cars like the Overvalwagen, but stretched out. The "KP-bil", as it was quickly known, was reliable, popular, and had a very long army service, well into the 2000s, and led to several variants and modifications.

Design

AB Landvserk designed a relatively light (shrapnel/bulletproof) sloped armor with a hexagonal section which was wrapped around the chassis. This armored body was built by Bofors, Landsverk, Bröderna Hedlund and Karlstads Mekaniska Werkstad. The driver/co-driver could see through armored shutters. Access to the vehicle was given by two narrow upper side doors, with a stepbar to help reach them. Another long stepbar was welded just above the side armor angle, in order to help infantry climb into the open compartment at the rear. Carrying capacity was seven equipped infantrymen. The armor thickness ranged from 4 mm to 20 mm (0.16-0.79), with 8 mm (0.31 in) on the sides and rear. The engine was either a Scania Petrol/Motyl or a 4-cyl Scania-Vabis 402/1 giving 115 hp (85 kW) at 2300 rpm. The rear double wheels were protected by armored covers. These vehicles were unarmed, since they were seen only as armored infantry transports, and not infantry fighting vehicles. But they were nevertheless Sweden's first APCs.

Production and variants

The first batch was delivered in 1943. However, it was rejected after showing body weaknesses, due to welding the hardened steel. It was eventually approved in early 1944, but these 38 vehicles had to be refitted with new bodies. The process called for a soft-hardened steel assembly, then heating the completed body-work in purpose-built ovens to remove the tensions. Production records from Scania and Volvo are unknown. By the 1950s, some vehicles were armed with a twin machine-gun mount over the cab roof. Since this arrangement was intended for AA purposes, the designation was V/S KPF, the "F" standing for "Fordonsluftvärn", or anti-aircraft. It became the main variant in service. By the early 1990s, the last KPFs received armored roofs with extra machine-gun mountings, for two KSP-58s. Two racks of 6 smoke dischargers were also fitted, and six firing ports added to the sides.

Active service

Outside Sweden, the KP-bil received its baptism of fire in peace-keeping missions in Congo (1961-64). Only SKPF (Scania) vehicles were sent, painted in white. They were locally called "white elephants". War experience dictated a modification of the machine-gun mount, evolving to a fully fledged turret, to protect the gunner's abdomen. Some were left there, reconditioned and used by the Congolese Army in 1965. They were also used, in the same period, in Cyprus, during the Cypriot intercommunal violence in 1955-64. Several vehicles are preserved today, like in the Swedish Army Museum in Stockholm.

SKPF specifications

Dimensions (L-w-h) 6.30 x 2.30 x 2.30 m (20.7x7.55x7.55 ft)
Total weight, battle ready 8.5 tons
Crew 2 (driver, co-driver, gunner)+ 7 infantrymen
Propulsion Scania-Vabis 4-cyl petrol, 115 hp @2300 rpm
Top speed 45 km/h (28 mph)
Range 300 km (186 mi)
Armament (1950-1990) 2x ksp m/36 machine-guns, 6/8 x 63 mm (2.48 in) smoke dischargers
Armor From 4 to 20 mm (0.16-0.79 in)
Production approx. 150

Links

The Terrängbil m/42D SKP on Wikipedia
The KP-bil on Gotlandsforsvarsmuseum.se (Swedish)

Terrängbil m/42D SKP
Terrängbil m/42D SKP in 1944.

Terrängbil m/42D SKP
SKPF "white elephant" in Congo, UN peace keeping operations, 1963.

Terrängbil m/42D SKP
Modernized hard-top SKPF in the 1990s.

Gallery


; Preserved SKPF, repainted in the UN peace keeping livery to commemorate the operations in Congo in the early 1960s (for veteran\'s day), at the army museum at Stockholm - Credits: Wikipedia

WW2 Tanks

Argenginian tanks of ww2Australian tanks of ww2Blegian tanks of ww2Bolivian armor in ww2Bulgarian tanks of ww2Canadian tanks of ww2 Chinese tanks and interwar AFVs Czech tanks of ww2Finnish tanks of ww2French Tanks of ww2Hungarian tanks of ww2Indian tanks of ww2Irish armor in ww2Italian tanks of ww2Imperial Japanese Tanks of ww2German tanks of ww2New Zealand tanks of ww2ww2 polish armorww2 romanian armorww2 south african armorww2 soviet tanksww2 spanish civil war AFVsww2 swedish tanksDucth ww2 tanks and afvsBritish ww2 TanksAmerican ww2 tanksYugoslavian ww2 tanks

WW2 tanks posters

tanks posters - Soviet Armour 1941

Tanks aces series

T34/57 Exterminator - tank ace Lt. Gorobetz, battle of MoskowOtto Carius Tiger winter 1943-44otto Carius Tiger, battle of Malinovo july 1944SovietKV-1 Eskranami Tank ace Zinoviy KolobanovSherman III Canadian Tank ace Sydney Rad ValpyLafayette G. pooleOtto CariusKurt Knispel TigerKurt Knispel Tiger IIT34/76 1941 Tank ace Dmitry Lavrinenko posterErnst BarkmannTiger Michael Wittmanww2 aces: Renault B1 Bis Eure

Singles series

otto Skorzeny M10 ErsatzPanzer IV Ausf C France 1940Panzerbefehlswagen VI Ausf H1Grizzly I cruiserOstu Gata Sensha battle of Harbin 1932JagdtigerWiesel 1 HOT posterChurchill NA75Churchill CDLSherman M4A6 PosterChar B1 bis Butcher of Stonne

Soviet Army